Efficient Pick and Pack Services – Simplifying Your Shipping Needs

Are you struggling to streamline your shipping process? Our efficient pick and pack services in the UK are here to simplify your logistics needs with precision and care.

Factual data: Efficient pick and pack services play a crucial role in simplifying the shipping needs of businesses. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking. Automation in pick and pack operations can streamline supply chain and logistics by making fulfillment and distribution easier. Different picking strategies, such as piece picking, batch picking, zone picking, and wave picking, can be used to optimize the picking process. Similarly, strategic packing strategies like cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging can ensure safe delivery, reduce shipping costs, and enhance brand recognition. Benefits of pick and pack fulfillment include cost-effectiveness, flexibility and scalability, and improved order accuracy. To improve the pick and pack fulfillment process, businesses can invest in warehouse management systems, focus on automating processes, design warehouses for optimal efficiency, and keep their inventory updated. Following best practices in the pick, pack, and ship process can help businesses streamline their order fulfillment and maximize customer satisfaction.

Key Takeaways:

  • Efficient pick and pack services simplify businesses’ shipping needs.
  • Automation in pick and pack operations streamlines supply chain and logistics.
  • Different picking strategies optimize the picking process.
  • Strategic packing strategies ensure safe delivery and reduce shipping costs.
  • Pick and pack fulfillment offers cost-effectiveness, flexibility, and improved order accuracy.

The Importance of Pick and Pack Services

Efficient pick and pack services play a crucial role in simplifying the shipping needs of businesses, particularly for order fulfillment in e-commerce and warehouse environments. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking. But with pick and pack services, businesses can streamline their fulfillment process, saving time and resources.

Automation in pick and pack operations can greatly enhance the supply chain and logistics of businesses. By automating the order fulfillment process, businesses can improve accuracy, reduce errors, and increase efficiency. This is especially important for e-commerce businesses, where timely and accurate delivery is crucial to customer satisfaction. Warehouse fulfillment is also optimized through pick and pack services, as they ensure seamless picking, packing, and shipping processes.

The Facts and Figures:

“Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking.”

Different picking strategies can be employed to optimize the picking process. Piece picking involves selecting one item at a time, making it suitable for small-scale operations. Batch picking, on the other hand, involves selecting multiple orders at once, increasing efficiency and reducing travel time. Zone picking divides the warehouse into different zones, allowing multiple pickers to work simultaneously. Wave picking maximizes productivity by grouping orders based on their pick locations.

Strategic packing strategies also play a vital role in order fulfillment. Cartonization, which involves determining the best-fit box for each order, minimizes shipping costs and reduces the risk of damage during transit. Kitting, the process of bundling related items together, improves efficiency and reduces packaging materials. Branded packaging not only protects products but also enhances brand recognition and creates a memorable unboxing experience for customers.

order fulfillment

Benefits of Pick and Pack Fulfillment Warehouse Management Systems
Cost-effectiveness Inventory Management
Flexibility and scalability Order Processing
Improved order accuracy

Implementing pick and pack services brings numerous benefits to businesses. It offers cost-effectiveness by reducing labor costs and reducing the risk of errors. With the flexibility and scalability of pick and pack operations, businesses can easily adapt to fluctuations in demand and scale their operations accordingly. Improved order accuracy leads to higher customer satisfaction and repeat business.

To optimize the pick and pack fulfillment process, businesses can invest in warehouse management systems. These systems streamline inventory control, order tracking, and reporting, ensuring efficient operations. Automating processes, such as order processing, improves speed and accuracy while reducing manual labor. Designing warehouses for optimal efficiency involves considering layout, storage systems, and workflow to minimize travel time and increase productivity. Lastly, keeping inventory updated in real-time provides businesses with accurate stock information, preventing stockouts and delays in order fulfillment.

Streamlining Supply Chain and Logistics with Automation

By introducing automation into pick and pack operations, businesses can greatly streamline their supply chain and logistics, especially when leveraging the expertise of fulfillment centers and third-party logistics providers. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking. However, with the implementation of automated technologies, businesses can significantly reduce picking time and improve overall efficiency.

One effective way to streamline supply chain and logistics is by partnering with fulfillment centers. These specialized facilities are equipped with advanced automation systems that can handle large volumes of orders quickly and accurately. With state-of-the-art technologies such as conveyor belts, automated sortation systems, and robotic arms, fulfillment centers can process and pack orders at a much faster rate than manual labor alone.

Additionally, businesses can benefit from collaborating with third-party logistics providers (3PLs) that offer comprehensive supply chain solutions. 3PLs have the expertise and resources to manage various aspects of logistics, including inventory management, order fulfillment, and transportation. By outsourcing these functions to experienced 3PLs, businesses can focus on their core competencies and leave the logistics operations in the hands of professionals.

Benefits of Automation in Pick and Pack Operations:
1. Increased efficiency and speed in order picking
2. Improved order accuracy and reduced errors
3. Enhanced inventory management and control
4. Cost savings through reduced labor and operational costs

With automation, businesses can achieve faster order processing times, minimize errors, optimize inventory levels, and ultimately provide a better customer experience. It allows for greater flexibility and scalability, enabling businesses to handle fluctuations in order volume efficiently. By embracing automation and leveraging the expertise of fulfillment centers and third-party logistics providers, businesses can revolutionize their supply chain and logistics operations, saving time, reducing costs, and maximizing overall efficiency.

Key Takeaways:

  • Automation in pick and pack operations can greatly streamline supply chain and logistics.
  • Fulfillment centers equipped with advanced automation systems can process and pack orders quickly and accurately.
  • Collaborating with third-party logistics providers (3PLs) can provide comprehensive supply chain solutions.
  • Benefits of automation in pick and pack operations include increased efficiency, improved order accuracy, enhanced inventory management, and cost savings.

supply chain solutions

Optimizing the Picking Process with Different Strategies

Different picking strategies, such as piece picking, batch picking, zone picking, and wave picking, can be employed to optimize the picking process, reducing time and improving efficiency. Each strategy offers unique benefits and is suitable for specific warehouse operations.

Piece picking involves picking individual items for each order. This method is ideal for businesses with a high variety of products but low order volumes. It allows for greater accuracy and minimizes the risk of errors. Piece picking is best suited for small warehouses or businesses just starting in e-commerce.

Batch picking involves picking multiple orders simultaneously, grouping together items that are common to several orders. This strategy can significantly reduce travel time between aisles, maximizing productivity and lowering labor costs. Batch picking is particularly effective for fulfilling multiple small orders with common products.

Zone picking divides the warehouse into different zones, with each picker responsible for one specific area. This allows for specialization and familiarity with the products in that zone, resulting in faster and more efficient picking. Zone picking is recommended for larger warehouses with high volumes of orders.

Wave picking combines elements of both batch and zone picking. It involves dividing orders into waves and assigning them to specific zones. Each wave contains a batch of orders, and pickers work simultaneously to fulfill them. Wave picking maximizes efficiency by minimizing travel time while maintaining specialization within zones. This strategy is best suited for warehouses with a large number of orders and a wide range of products.

By implementing these different picking strategies, businesses can streamline their warehouse operations, improve productivity, and ensure accurate order fulfillment. Finding the right strategy depends on factors such as order volume, product diversity, and warehouse size. It’s essential to assess the specific needs of the business and choose the strategy that aligns with its requirements and goals.

picking strategies image

Strategic Packing Strategies for Safe Delivery

Strategic packing techniques like cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging can ensure the safe delivery of goods while simultaneously reducing shipping costs and increasing brand recognition. Cartonization is the process of determining the optimal box size for packaging items, minimizing wasted space and reducing the risk of damage during transit. By using cartonization, businesses can optimize packaging materials and reduce shipping costs, ultimately improving their bottom line.

Another effective packing strategy is kitting, which involves bundling multiple items together as a single unit. This not only simplifies the picking process but also ensures that all necessary components are included in each order, minimizing errors and improving order accuracy. Furthermore, kitting can enhance customer satisfaction by providing a convenient and organized package that meets their specific needs.

Branded packaging is a powerful tool for increasing brand recognition and leaving a lasting impression on customers. By incorporating unique and eye-catching packaging designs, businesses can create a memorable unboxing experience, cultivating a positive perception of their brand. Branded packaging also serves as free advertising, as it can attract attention during transit and potentially reach a wider audience.

cartonization

Packing Strategy Benefits
Cartonization – Minimizes wasted space
– Reduces shipping costs
– Reduces risk of damage
Kitting – Simplifies picking process
– Improves order accuracy
– Enhances customer satisfaction
Branded Packaging – Increases brand recognition
– Creates memorable unboxing experience
– Acts as free advertising

Quotes:

“Optimizing the packing process is crucial for businesses looking to ensure the safe delivery of goods while minimizing shipping costs. Strategic packing strategies like cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging can significantly enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the entire shipping process.” – Shipping Expert

Summary:

Strategic packing strategies such as cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging are essential for businesses seeking to streamline their shipping operations. Cartonization optimizes packaging materials and reduces shipping costs, while kitting simplifies the picking process and improves order accuracy. Branded packaging not only increases brand recognition but also creates a memorable unboxing experience and acts as free advertising. By implementing these strategic packing techniques, businesses can ensure the safe delivery of goods, reduce shipping costs, and enhance their brand image.

The Benefits of Pick and Pack Fulfillment

Opting for pick and pack fulfillment provides businesses with numerous advantages, including cost-effectiveness, flexibility to scale, and improved order accuracy. In today’s fast-paced e-commerce landscape, efficient order fulfillment is essential for businesses to meet customer expectations and stay competitive. By utilizing pick and pack services, companies can streamline their shipping process and achieve cost savings.

One of the key benefits of pick and pack fulfillment is its cost-effectiveness. Instead of managing inventory and order fulfillment in-house, businesses can outsource these tasks to specialized providers. This eliminates the need for large warehouse spaces, additional staff, and expensive equipment. With pick and pack services, businesses only pay for the inventory that is actually shipped, reducing overhead costs and maximizing profitability.

Flexibility and scalability are also significant advantages of pick and pack fulfillment. As businesses grow and expand, their shipping needs may fluctuate. Pick and pack services offer the flexibility to scale operations up or down based on demand. Whether it’s seasonal peaks or sudden spikes in sales, businesses can rely on fulfillment providers to handle increased order volumes without compromising efficiency.

Furthermore, pick and pack fulfillment can greatly improve order accuracy. Manual order picking is prone to human error, leading to incorrect shipments, missed items, and dissatisfied customers. By implementing automated picking processes and quality control measures, fulfillment providers ensure accurate order fulfillment, minimizing mistakes and returns. This ultimately enhances customer satisfaction and builds trust in the brand.

cost-effectiveness

In summary, pick and pack fulfillment offers businesses a range of benefits, including cost-effectiveness, flexibility to scale, and improved order accuracy. By partnering with experienced fulfillment providers, businesses can streamline their shipping operations, reduce costs, and deliver exceptional customer experiences. It’s a strategic solution that enables businesses to focus on their core competencies while leaving the complexities of order fulfillment in the hands of experts.

Enhancing Efficiency with Warehouse Management Systems

Investing in a reliable warehouse management system can significantly enhance the efficiency of the pick and pack fulfillment process, especially when it comes to inventory management. These systems provide businesses with the tools and resources needed to effectively control and track inventory levels, reduce errors, and improve overall operational productivity.

With a warehouse management system in place, businesses can streamline their inventory management processes by automating tasks such as stock replenishment, cycle counting, and order tracking. This not only saves time but also improves accuracy, ensuring that the right products are always available for order fulfillment.

Moreover, warehouse management systems enable businesses to optimize their warehouse layout and storage systems, maximizing space utilization and minimizing the time and effort required for order picking and packing. By organizing products strategically and implementing efficient picking strategies, such as batch picking or zone picking, businesses can minimize travel time and increase order processing speed.

The Benefits of Warehouse Management Systems

Implementing warehouse management systems offers a range of benefits. Firstly, businesses can achieve better inventory accuracy, reducing the risk of stockouts or overstock situations. This can lead to improved customer satisfaction and increased sales. Secondly, these systems provide real-time visibility into inventory levels, allowing businesses to make informed decisions and prevent stock discrepancies. Lastly, warehouse management systems integrate seamlessly with other supply chain solutions, such as shipping carriers and e-commerce platforms, further streamlining the order fulfillment process.

Benefits of Warehouse Management Systems
Improved inventory accuracy Reduced risk of stockouts or overstock situations
Real-time visibility into inventory levels Informed decision-making
Integration with other supply chain solutions Seamless order fulfillment process

Warehouse Management System

By leveraging the power of warehouse management systems, businesses can take control of their inventory management and significantly improve the efficiency of their pick and pack fulfillment process. From reducing errors to optimizing warehouse operations, these systems provide the necessary tools to streamline operations and meet customer demands in a competitive marketplace.

Automating Processes for Optimal Efficiency

By automating various processes within the pick and pack fulfillment process, businesses can ensure optimal efficiency, particularly in order processing and fulfillment. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking. Utilizing automation technologies, such as barcode scanning and conveyor systems, can significantly reduce picking time and minimize errors. With automated order processing, businesses can streamline their operations, improving overall productivity and customer satisfaction.

One of the key benefits of automating processes in pick and pack fulfillment is the ability to handle a large volume of orders accurately and efficiently. Through the integration of warehouse management systems and order management software, businesses can automate the entire fulfillment process, from order receipt to shipment. This not only eliminates manual data entry errors but also enables real-time inventory updates and order tracking, ensuring smooth operations and timely deliveries.

Furthermore, automation enables businesses to optimize their workforce allocation. By automating repetitive and time-consuming tasks, such as order sorting and packaging, personnel can be redirected to more value-added activities, such as quality control and customer service. This not only improves operational efficiency but also enhances employee satisfaction and engagement.

Benefits of Automating Processes Key Features
Increased efficiency – Barcode scanning for quick and accurate order picking
– Conveyor systems for faster product transportation
Enhanced accuracy – Automated order processing to eliminate manual errors
– Real-time inventory updates for accurate stock management
Optimized workforce allocation – Automated sorting and packaging for reduced manual labor
– Allocation of personnel to value-added tasks

By embracing automation technologies and integrating them into the pick and pack fulfillment process, businesses can achieve optimal efficiency, accurate order processing, and improved overall productivity. With the ability to handle large order volumes, minimize errors, and optimize workforce allocation, businesses can enhance their competitiveness in today’s fast-paced e-commerce landscape.

automating processes

Designing Warehouses for Efficiency

Designing warehouses with a focus on optimal efficiency can greatly contribute to the smooth operation of the pick and pack fulfillment process, considering factors like layout, storage systems, and workflow. A well-designed warehouse not only improves productivity but also enhances accuracy and reduces operational costs.

One crucial aspect of warehouse design is the layout. The arrangement of storage areas, picking stations, and shipping zones should be carefully planned to minimize the distance traveled by warehouse staff. By strategically placing high-demand products closer to the picking stations, businesses can reduce picking time and increase overall efficiency.

Storage systems also play a vital role in optimizing warehouse operations. Implementing solutions like bin locations, shelving, and racking can maximize storage capacity and enhance accessibility. In addition, utilizing automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS) can further streamline the picking process by minimizing human intervention and reducing errors.

Warehouse Design Best Practices

  • Optimize layout for efficient material flow
  • Implement proper signage and labeling for easy navigation
  • Utilize vertical space with mezzanines or multi-level storage systems
  • Ensure clear pathways for material handling equipment
  • Regularly review and update warehouse design to accommodate changing needs

Workflow management is another crucial consideration. Analyzing and reevaluating the workflow within the warehouse can help identify bottlenecks and inefficiencies that may hinder the pick and pack fulfillment process. By streamlining material flow and optimizing task allocation, businesses can achieve higher productivity and accuracy.

Overall, designing warehouses for optimal efficiency involves careful planning and consideration of various factors. By implementing the right layout, storage systems, and workflow management strategies, businesses can enhance their pick and pack operations, streamline order fulfillment, and ultimately provide better service to their customers.

warehouse design

Keeping Inventory Updated for Smooth Operations

Maintaining accurate and updated inventory records is crucial for the smooth functioning of the pick and pack fulfillment process, especially when utilizing supply chain solutions. With constantly changing customer demands and market trends, businesses need to have real-time visibility into their inventory levels to ensure efficient order fulfillment. By implementing robust inventory management systems, businesses can streamline their operations, minimize errors, and meet customer expectations.

One of the key advantages of keeping inventory updated is avoiding stockouts. When a customer places an order, the last thing they want is to be told that the item they want is out of stock. This not only leads to customer dissatisfaction but also potential revenue loss. By regularly updating inventory records, businesses can identify low stock levels and replenish their inventory in a timely manner, ensuring that they never miss a sale.

Another benefit of accurate inventory management is reducing carrying costs. Carrying excess inventory ties up valuable financial resources and incurs additional expenses such as storage fees, insurance, and depreciation. By keeping inventory levels optimized, businesses can minimize carrying costs and maximize their profitability.

Benefits of Keeping Inventory Updated
1. Avoiding stockouts and customer dissatisfaction
2. Minimizing carrying costs and maximizing profitability
3. Enhancing supply chain efficiency and reducing lead times
4. Enabling accurate demand forecasting and planning

Additionally, keeping inventory updated improves supply chain efficiency and reduces lead times. With accurate inventory data, businesses can better coordinate their supply chain activities, ensuring that the right products are available at the right time. This leads to faster order processing, reduced lead times, and improved customer satisfaction.

Lastly, accurate inventory records enable businesses to conduct accurate demand forecasting and planning. By analyzing historical sales data and inventory levels, businesses can anticipate future demand trends, identify popular products, and make informed decisions about procurement and production. This proactive approach helps businesses optimize their inventory levels, reduce excess stock, and improve overall operational efficiency.

inventory management

Key Takeaways:

  • Maintaining accurate and updated inventory records is crucial for the smooth functioning of the pick and pack fulfillment process.
  • Regularly updating inventory levels helps avoid stockouts and customer dissatisfaction.
  • Optimizing inventory levels minimizes carrying costs and maximizes profitability.
  • Accurate inventory data enhances supply chain efficiency and reduces lead times.
  • By conducting accurate demand forecasting, businesses can make informed decisions about procurement and production.

By prioritizing inventory management and investing in technology solutions that offer real-time visibility and control over inventory, businesses can ensure smooth operations, minimize errors, and deliver superior customer experiences in the pick and pack fulfillment process.

Best Practices for Streamlining Order Fulfillment

By following best practices in the pick, pack, and ship process, businesses can streamline their order fulfillment operations and deliver a superior customer experience. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, accounting for more than 50% of the time associated with picking. To optimize the picking process, businesses can employ different strategies such as piece picking, batch picking, zone picking, and wave picking.

Each strategy offers unique benefits depending on the business’s needs. Piece picking involves selecting one item at a time, making it suitable for small orders or customized products. Batch picking, on the other hand, allows pickers to collect multiple orders simultaneously, increasing efficiency for high-volume operations. Zone picking divides the warehouse into different zones, with each picker responsible for a specific area, minimizing travel time. Wave picking involves grouping orders into waves and releasing them at specific intervals, further improving productivity.

Strategic packing strategies also play a crucial role in streamlining order fulfillment. Cartonization, the process of determining the optimal packaging size for each order, reduces void space and minimizes shipping costs. Kitting, the practice of pre-assembling components or products for faster order assembly, enhances operational efficiency. Branded packaging not only protects products during transit but also enhances brand recognition, leaving a positive impression on customers.

Furthermore, businesses can benefit from investing in warehouse management systems (WMS). WMS helps improve inventory visibility, reduces picking errors, and optimizes order fulfillment by directing pickers to the shortest picking routes. By automating processes such as barcode scanning, labeling, and order verification, businesses can eliminate human errors and improve overall efficiency in the pick and pack process. Additionally, designing warehouses for optimal flow and accessibility can further enhance productivity. Efficient warehouse layouts, use of automated storage and retrieval systems, and well-defined workflows can significantly reduce picking and packing times.

Keeping inventory updated is also crucial for smooth operations. Accurate inventory management allows businesses to fulfill orders in a timely manner, avoid stockouts, and prevent overselling. By leveraging supply chain solutions, businesses can integrate their inventory systems with sales channels and have real-time visibility of stock levels. This enables them to make informed decisions, streamline order fulfillment, and enhance customer satisfaction.

best practices for streamlining order fulfillment

Best Practices Benefits
Implement efficient picking strategies Increased productivity and order accuracy
Utilize strategic packing techniques Cost savings and enhanced brand recognition
Invest in warehouse management systems Improved inventory visibility and reduced errors
Automate processes Elimination of human errors and increased efficiency
Design warehouses for optimal efficiency Reduced picking and packing times
Maintain accurate inventory Timely order fulfillment and customer satisfaction

Conclusion

In conclusion, efficient pick and pack services play a vital role in simplifying businesses’ shipping needs, optimizing order fulfilment, and ensuring customer satisfaction. Manual order picking in warehouses can be time-consuming, taking up more than 50% of the overall picking time. However, by implementing automation in pick and pack operations, businesses can streamline their supply chain and logistics, making fulfillment and distribution processes easier and more efficient.

Different picking strategies, including piece picking, batch picking, zone picking, and wave picking, offer opportunities to optimize the picking process. These strategies allow businesses to tailor their approach to their specific needs and improve overall productivity. Furthermore, strategic packing strategies such as cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging contribute to safe delivery, reduced shipping costs, and enhanced brand recognition.

The benefits of pick and pack fulfillment are significant. Businesses can achieve cost-effectiveness by reducing labor costs and minimizing errors in the order fulfillment process. Additionally, the flexibility and scalability of pick and pack services allow businesses to adapt to changing market demands and handle increased order volumes without compromising efficiency. Moreover, by improving order accuracy, businesses can enhance customer satisfaction and build a positive brand reputation.

To further enhance the pick and pack fulfillment process, businesses can invest in warehouse management systems that optimize inventory management and streamline operations. Automation is another key aspect that can be leveraged to achieve optimal efficiency, particularly in order processing. Designing warehouses for efficiency through careful layout planning, efficient storage systems, and streamlined workflow can also contribute to a smoother pick and pack operation. Lastly, keeping inventory regularly updated ensures smooth operations and minimizes disruptions in the fulfillment process.

By following best practices in the pick, pack, and ship process, businesses can streamline their order fulfillment and maximize customer satisfaction. These practices include efficient organization of inventory, clear and effective communication between teams, accurate documentation, and continuous monitoring and improvement of processes. Embracing these practices can help businesses achieve seamless operations, timely order fulfillment, and ultimately, happy customers.

FAQ

What is the role of efficient pick and pack services?

Efficient pick and pack services simplify the shipping needs of businesses by streamlining the order fulfillment and distribution process.

How much time is spent on manual order picking in warehouses?

Manual order picking in warehouses can account for more than 50% of the time associated with the picking process.

How can automation improve supply chain and logistics?

Automation in pick and pack operations can streamline supply chain and logistics by making fulfillment and distribution easier.

What are some picking strategies used to optimize the process?

Different picking strategies, such as piece picking, batch picking, zone picking, and wave picking, can be used to optimize the picking process.

How can strategic packing strategies contribute to safe delivery?

Strategic packing strategies like cartonization, kitting, and branded packaging can ensure safe delivery, reduce shipping costs, and enhance brand recognition.

What are the benefits of pick and pack fulfillment?

The benefits of pick and pack fulfillment include cost-effectiveness, flexibility and scalability, and improved order accuracy.

How can warehouse management systems improve the pick and pack fulfillment process?

Warehouse management systems play a crucial role in improving the pick and pack fulfillment process, especially in terms of inventory management.

Why is automating processes important in pick and pack fulfillment?

Automating processes in the pick and pack fulfillment process is essential for achieving optimal efficiency, especially in terms of order processing.

What factors should be considered when designing warehouses for efficiency?

Designing warehouses for efficiency involves considering factors such as layout, storage systems, and workflow.

Why is it important to keep inventory updated in the pick and pack fulfillment process?

Keeping inventory updated is crucial for ensuring smooth operations in the pick and pack fulfillment process, particularly in terms of supply chain solutions.

What are some best practices for streamlining the pick, pack, and ship process?

Some best practices for streamlining the pick, pack, and ship process include investing in warehouse management systems, focusing on automating processes, designing warehouses for optimal efficiency, and keeping inventory updated.

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